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Rules of Trade – Institute of Trade Development

Rules of Trade


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Rules of Trade

Rules of Trade under World Trade Organization Agreements

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments.

The goal is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible. ITD train companies and public sector on the WTO Agreements and the application of these rules on trade.

Agreement on Trade in Goods

  • Agreement on Agriculture (AOA)
  • Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  • Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
  • Agreement on Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
  • Agreement on Anti-dumping practices
  • Agreement on Customs Valuation (ACV

  • Agreement on Textile and Clothing (ATC)
  • Agreement on Pre-Shipment Inspection (PSI)
  • Agreement on Rules of Origin
  • Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures
  • Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM)
  • Agreement on Safeguards
  • Agreement on Trade Facilitation

Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)

  • Cross-border movement of services
  • Movement of customers to the country of importation
  • Establishment of commercial presence in the country where services is to be provided
  • Temporary movement of natural persons to another country in order to provide the service there

Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)

  • Patents
  • Copyright and related rights
  • Trademarks

  • Industrial Designs of integrated circuits
  • Undisclosed information and
  • Geographical indications

Regional Integration

  • Africa Continental Free Trade Area
  • The Tripartite

  • Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  • East Africa Community

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Promoting Trade Within Eastern & Southern Africa Region

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